The effect of the material used and the pulp chamber extension depth on stress distribution of endocrowns: A three-dimensional finite element analysis

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.436

Keywords:

Finite Element Analysis, endocrown, stress, CAD/CAM

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of materials used and the depth of extension into the pulp chamber on stress distribution in mandibular molar endodontically treated teeth with endocrown restoration using three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis (FEA).

Methodology: Three-dimensional finite element analysis models were obtained at two different pulp chamber extension depths by taking a tomography of a root canal-treated mandibular molar tooth extracted for periodontal reasons: 2.5 mm (Model A) and 3.5 mm (Model B). Models were divided into the following three groups according to material type used: Vita Enamic (VE), Lava Ultimate (LU), and IPS e.max CAD (EMX). The aforementioned model groups were further divided into the following two subgroups according to the types of cement used: NX3 and MaxCem Elite Chroma (MX). Maximum principal stress (MPa) values under 600 N vertical load were investigated to evaluate the effect of restoration design, material type, and cements used on stress distribution.

Results: The maximum stress on the restoration was observed in the EMX material type (13,000 MPa) in the MX cement group in Model A, while the lowest was observed in the LU material (5,932 MPa) in the NX3 cement group in Model A. The areas of highest stress for both Models A and B were observed in the restoration areas corresponding to the enamel margins.

Conclusion: Materials with a higher elastic modulus show a higher stress area on the restoration surface, while the stress values they transmit are lower. Materials with the elastic modulus close to dentin have more homogeneous stress distributions within the restoration.

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Published

31-12-2022
CITATION

How to Cite

Güntekin, N., Mohammadi, R., & Tunçdemir, M. T. (2022). The effect of the material used and the pulp chamber extension depth on stress distribution of endocrowns: A three-dimensional finite element analysis. International Dental Research, 12(Suppl. 1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.436

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