Technical and biological causes of periapical surgery: Retrospective analysis of 301 apical surgical cases
Aim: Endodontic surgery is a treatment for persistent peri-radicular pathological conditions that do not improve after endodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of endodontic treatment, technical error types seen in root canals and the periapical condition of the teeth in patients undergoing periapical surgery, and thus to analyze the reasons leading to periapical surgery.
Methodology: Clinical and radiographic data of 301 periapical surgery cases were retrospectively evaluated in this study. The causes of periapical surgery were classified into technical and biological reasons.
Results: In this study, 51.8 % of periapical surgery cases were related to biological factors and 48.2 % were related to technical factors. Maxillary anterior teeth were the most common teeth undergoing apical surgery with a rate of 66,8 %. The most common technical reasons were non-homogeneous filling (15,6 %), underfilling (12,0 %) and overfilling (9,6 %). The most common biological reasons were cysts (30,2 %), traumas (16,6 %) and apical abscess (5,0 %). 37.5% of cases undergoing periapical surgery, the diameter of the cystic lesion was 10mm or more.
Conclusion: The number of cases of apical periodontitis is increasing in the community due to insufficiently filled root canals. Increasing the quality of root canal treatments applied by dentists will reduce the need for periapical surgery by reducing the incidence of apical periodontitis.
How to cite this article: Ekici Ö. Technical and biological causes of periapical surgery: Retrospective analysis of 301 apical surgical cases. Int Dent Res 2021;11(1):38-45.
Linguistic Revision: The English in this manuscript has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.
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