An evaluation of the relationship between periocular anthropometric measurements and mandibular incisor crowding
Aim: To determine whether a relationship exists between the periocular anthropometric meas-urements (POAM), intercanine width, and Little’s irregularity index (measures the crowding of mandibular incisors) in the Turkish population.
Methodology: Ninety-four children (49 with mandibular crowding and 45 controls) aged between 12-18 years were included in this study. Inter-outer canthal distance (IOCD), in-ter-inner canthal distance (IICD), interpupillary distance (IPD), inter-canine width (ICW), and Littles’irregularity index (LII) of subjects were measured from two standardized digital pho-tographs using a public domain Java processing program (ImageJ software). Spearman correla-tion coefficient and multiple linear regression tests were used to investigate the relationship between POAM, and ICW, and LII.
Results: In the mandibular crowding group, the means of IICD, OICD, IPD, and ICW were 30.6 ± 1.7 mm, 82.4 ± 2.0 mm, 59.2 ± 1.6 mm, 23.3 ± 1.1 mm, respectively. In controls, the mean of the measurements was found to be 32.1 ± 1.5 mm, 84.4 ± 2.4 mm, 60.1 ± 1.9 mm, 24.6 ± 1.4 mm, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between groups among all variables (p <0.001). There was a negative correlation between POAM and ICW with LDI. Especially, high correlation was found in ICW and IICD variables (r = -. 732, p <.001 and r = -705, p <.001, respectively). As a result of multivariate regression analysis, IICD and ICW were found to be affected the crowding negatively and significantly (p = .003 and p = .026, respectively).
Conclusion: According to the results obtained from our study, it was concluded that IICD which remains stable after the age of 10 years and ICW can be used to predict irregularities in mandibular incisors in children in the Turkish population.
How to cite this article: Kızıltan Eliaçık BB. An evaluation of the relationship between periocular anthropometric measurements and mandibular incisor crowding. Int Dent Res 2021;11(Suppl.1):216-221. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.31
Linguistic Revision: The English in this manuscript has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.
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