Clinical examination of various jaw fractures and evaluation of open and closed reductions: Six case reports

Keywords: jaw fractures, clinical examination, open reduction, closed reduction

Abstract

Aim: This study aims to present the fracture types and treatment methods of jaw fracture cases that presented at our center.

Methodology: Of six presenting cases, two were angulus, one was parasymphysis, three were subcondylar, and one was a medial condyle fracture only. All patients were evaluated both clinically and radiologically by CT of the atlanto-occipital joint. We managed two of the mandibular fractures with open and closed reduction (mixed) and four with closed reduction only. Dislocation was observed in only two patients. Internal fixation was performed using either mini plates (Medartis, Basel, Switzerland) or mini-screws. All cases united within three weeks to three months.

Results: After analyzing the epidemiology of six fractures and the outcomes of the surgical treatment, as well as assessing the complications related to the surgical procedures, it was determined that in cases with dislocation, bimaxillary fixation should be applied as a maintenance to open reduction therapy. In cases without dislocation, bimaxillary fixation only is sufficient.

Conclusion: An analysis of dislocation conditions according to fracture type supports that the incidence of dislocation is low in condyle fractures.

Conclusion: An analysis of dislocation conditions according to fracture type supports that the incidence of dislocation is low in condyle fractures.

 

How to cite this article: Özüdoğru S, Başaran MM, Ataözden T. Clinical examination of various jaw fractures and evaluation of open and closed reductions: Six case reports. Int Dent Res 2021;11(Suppl.1):274-8.  https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.40

 

Linguistic Revision: The English in this manuscript has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.

 

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
Ataözden, T., Başaran, M. M., & Özüdoğru, S. (2021). Clinical examination of various jaw fractures and evaluation of open and closed reductions: Six case reports. International Dental Research, 11(Suppl. 1), 274-278. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.40