Effects of the geometric shape and placing length of a fiber post on the stress distribution in a mandibular premolar tooth: A finite element analysis study

Keywords: Circular fiber post, finite elements analysis, oval fiber post, placing length, von Mises stress

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two geometrically different fiber post systems and two different placing lengths on the stress distribution of endodontically treated teeth.

Methodology: Four different mandibular premolar tooth models were created. These models were restored using oval or circular fiber posts with two different placing lengths. An oblique force of 300 N was applied to the top of the tooth, and von Mises stress evaluations were carried out on the dentin tissue, luting cement, and fiber posts.

Results: The maximum von Mises stresses were observed in the 10-mm long circular fiber post model, while the minimum stresses were seen in the 5-mm long oval fiber post model. In general, the oval fiber post models presented more homogeneous stresses than the circular fiber post models. Moreover, the 10-mm long fiber post models generated greater von Mises stresses than the 5-mm long fiber post models in the dentin tissue and luting cement.

Conclusion: According to the study findings, the use of oval fiber posts at both placing lengths is suggested for oval shaped root canals due to the lower stress concentrations.

 

How to cite this article: Aslan T, Esim E, Kılıç K, Er Ö, Yıldırım Ş. Effects of the geometric shape and placing length of a fiber post on the stress distribution in a mandibular premolar tooth: A finite element analysis study Int Dent Res 2018;8(3):105-10.

 

Linguistic Revision: The English in this manuscript has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.

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Published
2018-12-30
How to Cite
Aslan, T., Esim, E., Kılıç, K., Er, Özgür, & Yıldırım, Şahin. (2018). Effects of the geometric shape and placing length of a fiber post on the stress distribution in a mandibular premolar tooth: A finite element analysis study. International Dental Research, 8(3), 105-110. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2018.vol8.no3.2