Effect of three different maxillary expansion appliances on root resorption

Refika Topal(1), Seher Gündüz Arslan(2)
(1) Sakarya University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Sakarya, Turkey,
(2) Dicle University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Abstract

Aim: The study was to examine rapid maxillary expansion (RME), semi-rapid maxillary expansion (SRME), and slow maxillary expansion (SME) compare the root resorptions occurring in the supporting upper first premolar teeth during treatment by using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT).


Methodology: Thirty individuals that required maxillary expansion and upper first premolar tooth extraction were divided into three groups consisting of 10 individuals for RME, SRME, and SME. RME group, first premolar and first molar teeth with hyrax screw were activated ¼ tour twice daily with the banded hyrax appliances. SRME group, acrylic-bonded hyrax appliances were activated ¼ tour per morning and night until the opening of the suture. Upon the opening of the suture, it was activated ¼ tour per every two days until sufficient maxillary expansion was gained. SEM group, quad helix appliances were activated every 20 days. After 12 weeks of the retention period, the upper first premolar teeth were extracted. The teeth were scanned with Micro-CT (SkyScan 1172, Kontich, Belgium), and images were analyzed with a Dell Precision T5500 to determine the resorption crater volumes.


Results: In all samples, the resorption craters were concentrated on the buccal surfaces of the tooth roots. The highest resorption craters volume, the total resorption volume, was observed in the RME group, followed by the SRME group, and the least resorption crater volume was detected in the SME group.


Conclusion: Since the supporting teeth were exposed to more force on the root surfaces, the most resorption was seen in the RME group.


 


How to cite this article:


Topal R, Gündüz Arslan S. Effect of three different maxillary expansion appliances on root resorption. Int Dent Res 2023; 13(1):19-26. https://doi.org/10.5577/idr.2023.vol13.no1.4


 


Linguistic Revision: The English in this manuscript has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.

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Authors

Refika Topal
refikatopal@hotmail.com (Primary Contact)
Seher Gündüz Arslan
Topal, R., & Gündüz Arslan, S. (2023). Effect of three different maxillary expansion appliances on root resorption. International Dental Research, 13(1), 19-26. https://doi.org/10.5577/idr.2023.vol13.no1.4

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How to Cite

Topal, R., & Gündüz Arslan, S. (2023). Effect of three different maxillary expansion appliances on root resorption. International Dental Research, 13(1), 19-26. https://doi.org/10.5577/idr.2023.vol13.no1.4
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