Comparison of cyclic fatigue of a reciprocating file system at different angles of rotation




cyclic fatigue, reciprocal movement, kinematics, reciproc file


Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study is to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of Reciproc Nickel-Titanium (Ni-Ti) rotary files while operating root canals using in three different reciprocal angles.

Methodology: Forty-five pieces of Reciproc R25 canal files were tested using artificial canals with a 60° angle of curvature, 5 mm curvature radius, and 1.5 mm diameter carved into a stainless steel block. The Ni-Ti files were checked with a stereomicroscope and then randomly separated into 3 groups. Group 1 consisted of reciprocal angles CCW 150°–CW 30°, Group 2 consisted of CCW 180°–CW 60°, and Group 3 consisted of CCW 210°–CW 90°. The duration of the cyclic fatigue being measured, elapsed time until a file fractured was determined with a chronometer. The lengths of the fractured pieces were measured with a digital caliper. After the cyclic fatigue test, two samples from each group were examined with a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to determine the signs of cyclic fatigue.

Results: One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied to the normally distributed groups (p<0,05). Since there was a significant statistical difference of file’s cyclic fatigue resistance (p=0,001) between the groups, Tukey’s honestly significant difference (HSD) post-hoc pairwise comparison test were used for determine to between which groups. While there were statistically significant differences between Group 1 and Group 2 (p=0,001), and between Group 1 and Group 3 (p=0,001), there was no significant difference between Group 2 and Group 3 (p=0,376). Group 1 displayed the highest resistance to cyclic fatigue. There were no statistically significant differences between the lengths of the fractured files within the three groups according to the one-way analysis of variance (p=0,847).

Conclusion: In our study, it was observed that the reciprocal angles of CCW 150°–CW 30°, which were also suggested by the file manufacturer firms, had the highest fracture resistance against cyclic fatigue.


How to cite this article: Akay A, Adıgüzel Ö, Erkan Akay S, Kaya S. Comparison of cyclic fatigue of a reciprocating file system at different angles of rotation. Int Dent Res 2021;11(Suppl.1):67-72.


Linguistic Revision: The English in this manuscript has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.



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How to Cite

Akay, A., Adıgüzel, Özkan, Erkan Akay, S., & Kaya, S. (2021). Comparison of cyclic fatigue of a reciprocating file system at different angles of rotation. International Dental Research, 11(Suppl. 1), 67–73.
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