Comparison of cyclic fatigue of a reciprocating file system at different angles of rotation

Ahmet Akay(1), Özkan Adıgüzel(2), Seda Erkan Akay(3), Sadullah Kaya(4)
(1) Dicle University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Endodontics, Diyarbakır, Turkey,
(2) Dicle University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Endodontics, Diyarbakır, Turkey,
(3) Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Hospital, Department of Endodontics, Diyarbakır, Turkey,
(4) Dicle University, Faculty of Dentistry, Departmant of Endodontics, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study is to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of Reciproc Nickel-Titanium (Ni-Ti) rotary files while operating root canals using in three different reciprocal angles.


Methodology: Forty-five pieces of Reciproc R25 canal files were tested using artificial canals with a 60° angle of curvature, 5 mm curvature radius, and 1.5 mm diameter carved into a stainless steel block. The Ni-Ti files were checked with a stereomicroscope and then randomly separated into 3 groups. Group 1 consisted of reciprocal angles CCW 150°–CW 30°, Group 2 consisted of CCW 180°–CW 60°, and Group 3 consisted of CCW 210°–CW 90°. The duration of the cyclic fatigue being measured, elapsed time until a file fractured was determined with a chronometer. The lengths of the fractured pieces were measured with a digital caliper. After the cyclic fatigue test, two samples from each group were examined with a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to determine the signs of cyclic fatigue.


Results: One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied to the normally distributed groups (p<0,05). Since there was a significant statistical difference of file’s cyclic fatigue resistance (p=0,001) between the groups, Tukey’s honestly significant difference (HSD) post-hoc pairwise comparison test were used for determine to between which groups. While there were statistically significant differences between Group 1 and Group 2 (p=0,001), and between Group 1 and Group 3 (p=0,001), there was no significant difference between Group 2 and Group 3 (p=0,376). Group 1 displayed the highest resistance to cyclic fatigue. There were no statistically significant differences between the lengths of the fractured files within the three groups according to the one-way analysis of variance (p=0,847).


Conclusion: In our study, it was observed that the reciprocal angles of CCW 150°–CW 30°, which were also suggested by the file manufacturer firms, had the highest fracture resistance against cyclic fatigue.


 


How to cite this article: Akay A, Adıgüzel Ö, Erkan Akay S, Kaya S. Comparison of cyclic fatigue of a reciprocating file system at different angles of rotation. Int Dent Res 2021;11(Suppl.1):67-72. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.11


 


Linguistic Revision: The English in this manuscript has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.


 

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Authors

Ahmet Akay
akay.1989@hotmail.com (Primary Contact)
Özkan Adıgüzel
Seda Erkan Akay
Sadullah Kaya
Akay, A., Adıgüzel, Özkan, Erkan Akay, S., & Kaya, S. (2021). Comparison of cyclic fatigue of a reciprocating file system at different angles of rotation. International Dental Research, 11(Suppl. 1), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.11

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How to Cite

Akay, A., Adıgüzel, Özkan, Erkan Akay, S., & Kaya, S. (2021). Comparison of cyclic fatigue of a reciprocating file system at different angles of rotation. International Dental Research, 11(Suppl. 1), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.11
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