Investigation of the effect of different experimental acid solutions applied on the zirconia surface on the bond strength between zirconia and resin cement: A pilot study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.458

Keywords:

acid etching, bond strength, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, zirconia

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of two different experimental acid solutions and sandblasting on the bond strength between zirconia ceramic core material and resin cement.

Methodology: Forty zirconia core materials were prepared and separated into four groups based on the surface treatment to be applied (n = 10) as follows: 1) Control Group: no surface treatment was performed; 2) Sandblasting Group: the specimen surfaces were sandblasted with 50 µm aluminum oxide particles from a distance of 10 mm at 3 bar pressure for 15 seconds; 3) Sol-1 Group: H2O:HF:H2O2 solution was applied for 60 seconds, washed, and then dried; and 4) Sol-2 Group: H2O:HF:HNO3 solution was applied to the surfaces of the specimens for 60 seconds, washed, and then dried. All specimens were coated with a dual-cure resin cement with a 2.8-mm diameter. After 24 hours, the specimens were tested for shear bond strength (SBS) at 1 mm/min using a universal testing device. Statistical analysis was conducted using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey HSD tests with a confidence interval of 95%.

Results: The difference among the groups was statistically significant (p = 0.002) based on the one-way ANOVA results. The Control Group had the lowest SBS (8.06 ± 4.52), whereas the Sol-1 Group had the highest SBS (17.10 ± 5.67). The Sol-1 and Sol-2 Groups demonstrated comparable bonding strength values (p = 0.17). The Sandblasting and Sol-1 Groups exhibited considerably stronger bond strength than the Control Group (p = 0.05).

Conclusion: The experimental acid solutions enhanced the bond strength between the resin cement and the zirconia ceramic at the sandblasting treatment level.

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Author Biographies

Tuba Yılmaz Savaş, Selçuk University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Prosthodontics

DDS, Ph.D., Asst. Prof.

Abdulhaluk Savaş, Necmettin Erbakan University

DDS, Research Assistant

Ceyda Akın, Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty Of Dentistry, Department of Prosthodontics

DDS, PhD, Asst. Prof.

Ali Rıza Tunçdemir, Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty Of Dentistry, Department of Prosthodontics

DDS, PhD, Professor

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Published

31-12-2022
CITATION

How to Cite

Yılmaz Savaş, T., Savaş, A., Akın, C. ., & Tunçdemir, A. R. (2022). Investigation of the effect of different experimental acid solutions applied on the zirconia surface on the bond strength between zirconia and resin cement: A pilot study. International Dental Research, 12(Suppl. 1), 69–73. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.458