Assessment of the anxiety levels of orthodontic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic

Ersin Yıldırım(1), Artemisa Adıgüzel(2), Şeniz Karaçay(3)
(1) Health Sciences University, Hamidiye Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Istanbul,,
(2) Health Sciences University, Hamidiye Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Istanbul, Turkey,
(3) Health Sciences University, Hamidiye Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract

Aim: This study aims to determine the anxiety levels of orthodontic patients related to the coronavirus pandemic and to evaluate the effects of quarantine on orthodontic appointments and orthodontic treatment.


Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted as an online survey with the participation of patients who were actively receiving orthodontic treatment. A total of 281 orthodontic patients (191 [67.97%] females and 90 [32.03%] males) participated in the survey. The questionnaire consisted of five sections that included questions about demographics, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the patients’ orthodontic status. Anxiety levels were measured using Turkish versions of the Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Corah’s Dental Anxiety Scale. Descriptive statistics, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk normality tests, the Pearson correlation test, and the Mann Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis.


Results: Regarding patients’ perceptions of the pandemic, 251 patients (89.32%) reported that they were sufficiently informed about COVID-19. The main concern about the effects of quarantine on orthodontic treatment was the delay of orthodontic treatment at a rate of 58.36% (164/281). This study found that 36% (103/281) of the participants exhibited anxiety symptoms. The prevalence of dental anxiety specifically was 33% (95/281). Our study results reveal a significant relationship between dental anxiety and general anxiety, which indicates that dentally anxious people tend to also be generally anxious. Females had significantly higher anxiety levels than males (p <0.001).


Conclusion: The coronavirus pandemic and quarantine seem to impact orthodontic patients’ anxiety. Delay of treatment was the primary concern of patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Female patients were more anxious than males.


 


How to cite this article: Yıldırım E, Adıgüzel A, Karaçay Ş. Assessment of the anxiety levels of orthodontic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int Dent Res 2021;11(Suppl.1):73-9. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.12


 


Linguistic Revision: The English in this manuscript has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English.


 

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Authors

Ersin Yıldırım
Artemisa Adıgüzel
artemisaadiguzel@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Şeniz Karaçay
Yıldırım, E., Adıgüzel, A., & Karaçay, Şeniz. (2021). Assessment of the anxiety levels of orthodontic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Dental Research, 11(Suppl. 1), 74-80. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.12

Article Details

How to Cite

Yıldırım, E., Adıgüzel, A., & Karaçay, Şeniz. (2021). Assessment of the anxiety levels of orthodontic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Dental Research, 11(Suppl. 1), 74-80. https://doi.org/10.5577/intdentres.2021.vol11.suppl1.12
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